Montana Whistleblower Protections

All [State] citizens are protected by state and federal whistleblower laws. We have provided information about many of the laws in [State] below. For more information about federal laws, click here.

Government Employees

Other Whistleblower Laws

Statutes specifically protecting government whistleblowers

Wrongful Discharge From Employment Act, Mont. Code § 39-2-901 et seq.

Parties Protected By Statute

“a person who works for another for hire. The term does not include a person who is an independent contractor.” Mont. Code § 39-2-903(3)

Protected Actions Under Statute

(1) A discharge is wrongful only if:

(a) it was in retaliation for the employee’s refusal to violate public policy or for reporting a violation of public policy;

(b) the discharge was not for good cause and the employee had completed the employer’s probationary period of employment; or

(c) the employer violated the express provisions of its own written personnel policy.


(a) During a probationary period of employment, the employment may be terminated at the will of either the employer or the employee on notice to the other for any reason or for no reason.

(b) If an employer does not establish a specific probationary period or provide that there is no probationary period prior to or at the time of hire, there is a probationary period of 6 months from the date of hire.

Mont. Code § 39-2-904

Specific Remedies Authorized By Statute

(1) If an employer has committed a wrongful discharge, the employee may be awarded lost wages and fringe benefits for a period not to exceed 4 years from the date of discharge, together with interest on the lost wages and fringe benefits. Interim earnings, including amounts the employee could have earned with reasonable diligence, must be deducted from the amount awarded for lost wages. Before interim earnings are deducted from lost wages, there must be deducted from the interim earnings any reasonable amounts expended by the employee in searching for, obtaining, or relocating to new employment.

(2) The employee may recover punitive damages otherwise allowed by law if it is established by clear and convincing evidence that the employer engaged in actual fraud or actual malice in the discharge of the employee in violation of 39-2-904(1)(a).

(3) There is no right under any legal theory to damages for wrongful discharge under this part for pain and suffering, emotional distress, compensatory damages, punitive damages, or any other form of damages, except as provided for in subsections (1) and (2).

Mont. Code § 39-2-905

Statutes protecting whistleblowers who report fraud against government

Montana False Claims Act, Mont. Code 17-8-401 et seq


Mont. Code 17-8-401 et seq

Parties Protected By Statute

“an employee”

Mont. Code § 178-402(2)

Protected Actions Under Statute

“disclosure of information to a government or law enforcement agency pertaining to a violation of 17-8-403.”

Mont. Code § 178-402(2)

Specific Remedies Authorized By Statute

(3) (a) A governmental entity or private entity that violates the provisions of subsection (2) is liable for:

(i) reinstatement to the same position with the same seniority status, salary, benefits, and other conditions of employment that the employee would have had but for the discrimination;

(ii) back pay plus interest on the back pay;

(iii) compensation for any special damages sustained as a result of the discrimination; and

(iv) reasonable court or administrative proceeding costs and reasonable attorney fees.

(b) An employee may file an action for the relief provided in this subsection (3).

Mont. Code § 178-402(3)